Financial Leverage Ratio Calculator: Formula & Calculation

Financial Leverage Calculator
Financial Leverage

 

“The use of an asset or a source of money for which the firm must pay a Fixed Cost or Fixed Return,” according to the definition of leverage. Regardless of changes in output or sales volume, this fixed cost or fixed return remains constant. The risk and return to the owner are said to be proportional to the degree of leverage.

Operating leverage and financial leverage are the two types of leverage. The term “Combined Leverage” refers to a combination of these two leverages.

Financial leverage is the combination of long-term fixed-interest debt and preference share capital with equity share capital.

Financial Leverage is the term used to describe the combination of debt and equity. Debt is used as leverage in a business to raise the Earnings Per Share offered to investors.

The following formula can be used to calculate financial leverage:

Financial Leverage = EBIT/ EBT

Financial Leverage = EBIT/ (EBIT-Interest)

Where,

EBIT stands for “earnings Before Interest and Taxes.”

EBT stands for Earnings Before Tax.

The following formula is used to determine the degree of financial leverage:

Degree of Financial Leverage = % Change in EPS / % Change in EBIT

EPS stands for Earnings Per Share.

When data from more than one financial year of a corporation is provided, the Financial Leverage Formula is employed.

Financial Leverage Formula Explanation

The Financial Leverage Formula is based on the principle that the higher the debt-to-equity ratio, the higher the return for equity shareholders.

This is because with a higher proportion of debt in the capital structure of the company, more financing decisions are made through debt financing and less weight is given to equity financing, resulting in a lower number of issued share capital and, as a result, a higher return for the shareholders.

As a result, Financial Leverage denotes a company’s reliance on debt financing rather than equity funding to make financial decisions. Financial leverage is the utilization of long-term fixed-interest debt and preference share capital in addition to equity share capital.

Financial leverage is a metric that indicates how sensitive a company’s earnings per share (EPS) are to changes in its operatinal income as a result of capital structure changes. The ratio demonstrates that the higher the degree of financial leverage, the more variable the earnings per share (EPS).

FAQs:  

What is the definition of good financial leverage?

Because different businesses require varying levels of financial leverage, it’s impossible to know if a figure is good or bad without comparing it to its counterparts.

The telecommunications industry, for example, has a high level of financial leverage, whereas the insurance industry is not allowed to do so.

Is it possible for financial leverage to be negative?

Financial leverage can never be negative since the financial leverage ratio formula is equal to total assets divided by total liabilities. This is due to the fact that a company’s total assets cannot be negative, as this would indicate that it is bankrupt.

What is the definition of complete equity?

The difference between total assets and entire liabilities is known as total equity. If the corporation repays all of its creditors with all of its assets, this is the value that the shareholders will be entitled to.

What makes a current asset different from a non-current asset?

Non-current assets are assets that are a company’s long-term investments for which value is expected to be realized in more than a year, whereas current assets are assets that are expected to be used in business activities in less than a year.

What is the best way to interpret financial leverage?

In general, the greater financial leverage a corporation has, the riskier it is. This is because a company’s risk of default rises as its financial leverage rises.

Having a high level of financial leverage can be advantageous. The ability to boost a company’s or project’s return on investment (ROI) is the most prominent benefit. High financial leverage, on the other hand, will lower the company’s credit rating due to its high-risk profile. The company’s cost of stock and cost of debt will rise as a result, making finance more expensive.

Finally, it’s important to remember that financial leverage is only useful when compared to peers in the same industry. This is due to the fact that different industries have different dynamics. When using the financial leverage ratio calculator, keep this in mind.