The debt to equity ratio, often known as the D/E ratio, can be calculated using a debt to equity calculator. This indicator compares the total debt to the stockholders’ equity to determine the level of risk in funding your business.

The debt to equity ratio formula and the stockholders’ equity equation are two basic words and calculation methods explained in this article. We’ll also show you how to compute the debt-to-equity ratio using an easy-to-understand example.

**How is the debt-to-equity ratio calculated?**

The debt-to-equity ratio (D/E ratio) depicts a company’s debt-to-equity ratio. In other words, the debt to equity ratio illustrates how much debt is utilized to finance the company’s assets in relation to stockholders’ equity.

When we look at the debt to equity ratio, we can see several key features of your company’s health as well as its working style. If the D/E ratio is high, the company is heavily reliant on leverage; this suggests they have chosen to support its operations primarily through debt, which is often associated with high risk.

Naturally, having a high leverage ratio offers advantages. Companies with a high D/E ratio can earn more money and grow quicker than they could without the additional funding. However, if the cost of debt (interest on financing) exceeds the returns, the situation might become unstable, leading to bankruptcy in severe situations.

Investors (stockholders) fund more of the company’s assets than creditors (e.g., bank loans) do with a lower debt to equity ratio. Prospective investors favor it since a low D/E ratio usually implies a financially secure, well-performing company.

It’s difficult to say whether a debt-to-equity ratio is excessive or low because it relies so much on the industry. A “typical” D/E ratio in some capital-intensive businesses, such as oil and gas, can be as high as 2.0, but 0.7 is considered an exceptionally high leverage ratio in other industries.

**The formula for a debt-to-equity ratio**

If you wish to determine the debt to equity ratio, look at your company’s balance sheet and look for the following two items:

Short-term debt, long-term debt, and other financial responsibilities make up total liabilities.

Stockholders’ equity – this indicator is calculated by deducting liabilities from the sum of a company’s assets, and it represents the company’s book value.

The following is the debt-to-equity ratio formula:

**debt to equity ratio = total liabilities / stockholders’ equity**

This ratio is usually expressed as a number, such as 1.5 or 0.65. To express it as a percentage, simply multiply the value by 100 percent.

**What does a debt-to-equity ratio mean?**

A company’s goal isn’t always to get the lowest possible ratio. A low debt-to-equity ratio indicates that the company is well-established and has amassed significant wealth through time.

However, it could also be a sign of inefficient resource allocation. There’s no denying that shareholders’ tolerance for risk must be respected, but an extremely low ratio could indicate overly cautious management that fails to capitalise on growth prospects.

He also points out that minority owners of publicly traded corporations frequently criticise the board of directors because their too cautious management provides them with insufficient returns.

Minority shareholders, for example, may be unsatisfied with a 5% capital gain since they were hoping for 15%. You can’t sit on a lot of money and manage a business super-prudently to get to 15%. The corporation must leverage debt to invest in productive resources.

**What does a healthy debt-to-equity ratio look like?**

A debt-to-equity ratio of roughly 2 to 2.5 is generally regarded excellent, though it varies by industry. This ratio indicates that 66 cents of every dollar invested in the company comes from debt, while the remaining 33 cents comes from equity.

This is a debt-free company with a solid financial foundation.

**What does it mean to have a high debt-to-equity ratio?**

When the ratio is closer to 5, 6, or 7, it indicates a significantly larger degree of debt, which the bank will take into account.

It doesn’t necessarily imply that the company is in trouble, but you should investigate why their debt load is so large. It’s completely common for a company’s ratio to climb when it invests in a large initiative. The corporation will then make a return on its investment, and the ratio will begin to normalize.

It’s also worth noting that some industries, by definition, demand a larger debt-to-equity ratio than others. A transportation firm, for example, will need to borrow a lot of money to acquire its fleet of trucks, whereas a service company will essentially simply need to buy computers.

**What does a debt-to-equity ratio mean?**

A company’s goal isn’t always to get the lowest possible ratio. A low debt-to-equity ratio indicates that the company is well-established and has amassed significant wealth through time.

However, it could also be a sign of inefficient resource allocation. There’s no denying that shareholders’ tolerance for risk must be respected, but an extremely low ratio could indicate overly cautious management that fails to capitalise on growth prospects.

He also points out that minority owners of publicly traded corporations frequently criticise the board of directors because their too cautious management provides them with insufficient returns.

Minority shareholders, for example, may be unsatisfied with a 5% capital gain since they were hoping for 15%. You can’t sit on a lot of money and manage a business super-prudently to get to 15%. The corporation must leverage debt to invest in productive resources.

**What does a healthy debt-to-equity ratio look like?**

A debt-to-equity ratio of roughly 2 to 2.5 is generally regarded excellent, though it varies by industry. This ratio indicates that 66 cents of every dollar invested in the company comes from debt, while the remaining 33 cents comes from equity.

This is a debt-free company with a solid financial foundation.

**What does it mean to have a high debt-to-equity ratio?**

When the ratio is closer to 5, 6, or 7, it indicates a significantly larger degree of debt, which the bank will take into account.

It doesn’t necessarily imply that the company is in trouble, but you should investigate why their debt load is so large. It’s completely common for a company’s ratio to climb when it invests in a large initiative. The corporation will then make a return on its investment, and the ratio will begin to normalize.

It’s also worth noting that some industries, by definition, demand a larger debt-to-equity ratio than others. A transportation firm, for example, will need to borrow a lot of money to acquire its fleet of trucks, whereas a service company will essentially simply need to buy computers.